Royds of Brereton

by Kenrick Armitstead
revised by Nigel Watts

EDWARD ROYDS WAS THE THIRD of the twelve children of James Royds of Falinge, Rochdale (1758-1842) and his wife Mary, daughter of Charles Smith of Summer Castle, Rochdale. He was educated at Christ's College Cambridge where he graduated in 1820, at the age of 30, having being born on 23 August 1790. This would suggest that he went up to Cambridge late after deciding to be ordained. In 1819 he presented four silver candlesticks to his college, where he was a fellow commoner.

James Royds, his father, purchased the advowson of Brereton in 1811. The sale was advertised in the Courier of 14 October 1811 in the following terms:

CHURCH PREFERMENT. To be sold by auction on Tuesday the 29th instant at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, at the house of William Vickery, known by the sign of the Bear's Head, in Brereton, in the County of Chester, if not sold by private contract in the meantime, of which due notice will be given, the next nomination or right of presentation to the valuable rectory of Brereton-cum-Smithwick, in the County of Chester, the annual proceeds due to the Rector thereof arise from the following sources, viz:

From the rectory house and glebe lands adjoining the house, estimated at the yearly value of

£82 .0 .0

From the tithes arising from upwards of 4,000 acres of land, in Brereton-cum-Smithwick aforesaid, as now let to the occupier by the present incumbent for a term of years (determinable on his death) two years of which will be unexpired on the 25th of March next

£893 .0 .0

From a certain proportion of the tithes of Sandbach, which now produce about £55 per annum, but which are supposed to be of much greater value

£35 .0 .0


£1,010 .0 .0

The rectory house is convenient, the land is chiefly of the best quality, in a pleasant neighbourhood, five miles from Congleton, four form Middlewich and three from Sandbach, and at a convenient distance from the turnpike road leading from London to Liverpool, being about 160 miles from the former place and 40 from the latter

A proper proportion of the land is arable, and agriculture in this neighbourhood is in its infancy, there being a quantity of waste land still remaining to be enclosed. The present rector and his parishioners are on terms of friendship, as may well be supposed from his moderation in fixing the mode of payment of his tithes. The present incumbent is in his 71st year.

The incumbent, Dr William Fell, died in 1819, and Edward was presented to the living. In the same year he married Mary Molyneux, daughter of Thomas Molyneux, Mayor of Liverpool, of Newsham House, which was later sold to the Liverpool Corporation. Queen Victoria stayed there on her visit to the City, and later it became the Judge's Residence.

Edward died on 11 April 1846 at the age of 45. His son Frank relates:

"my Father was taken ill of what was then called "inflammation of the chest", pneumonia, I think, but these distinctions were not then made. I remember watching him sitting by his study fire with something over him trying to get warm, and I think I only saw him once again before his death, which took place in a few days: he was too ill to speak to us, and my Mother was sitting by his bedside crying; she was only just recovering after the birth of her tenth child a fortnight old. My Father was heard in his illness saying to himself, "Nathanael, the child of God," and from that my youngest brother had the name given to him. He died from exhaustion after the inflammation had passed away. He was a man of spare habit, and had been bled in the arm, and was probably the last for whom that remedy was used. I distinctly remember the night when our kind Aunt Sarah Molyneux came to our bedside to tell us that our Father had just passed away, and checking my first impulse to pray for him, as he had just passed into the unknown world, by the thought that it was a wrong thing to pray for departed souls, an impression I suppose I had gathered from the then prevailing notion. My Father's death was naturally a great shock to all of us, and much sympathy was shown by kind neighbours for my mother, left as she was with a family of eight sons and two daughters. My father was only 45 years old, was a tall, handsome man, of genial manners, a great favourite in the neighbourhood, and much beloved in his parish. The Pluralities Act had just been passed, but had not come into operation, and Uncle Charles Royds of Haughton Rectory, Stafford, was willing to hold the Rectory of Brereton together with his own, without receiving the income of the benefice, and our Uncle Clement's eldest son exerted himself promptly to get the arrangement made in time. This was done, and my Uncle Charles held the Rectory, till my brother Edward was able to succeed him in 1845, and so my Mother continued living on there until that time. Of course there was always a resident curate, one of whom became a great friend of mine when I was older."

By holding the rectory of Brereton for his nephew, Charles Royds was in a way repaying his brother Edward who has held Haughton in plurality for him until he was of age. I have a handsome silver dish from my cousin Violet Royds, great-granddaughter of Charles inscribed: "The gift of Mary Royds, relict of Edward Royds, later Rector of Brereton, to CHARLES SMITH ROYDS, 17 March A.D. 1845, on resigning the Rectory of Brereton to her son Edward Royds".

A memorial tablet in Brereton church reads:

"This marble is consecrated by his parishioners and members of the Brereton Benevolent Society to the memory of the Revd Edward Royds AM, their beloved and deeply regretted Rector, as a testimony of their veneration for his truly Christian character, their gratitude for his unwearied beneficence, and their heartfelt sorrow for the loss of an affectionate friend and a living pattern of the excellence of the gospel which he preached with zeal and faithfulness. He closed his life and ministry on the 11th day of April 1836 in the 46th year of his age.

Blessed are those servants whom the Lord when he cometh shall find waiting."

Mary Royds, Edward's wife, says Frank, "was of a very retiring disposition and did not mix much in society, though all about were very kind to her and to us". In 1845, when her son Edward succeeded to the Rectory, she moved to Everton, near Liverpool, and made a home for Henry and Charles, who were in offices there, and for the younger ones, and in 1855 after her children were grown up she "took a nice house about a mile from Denbigh and was very happy there, and it was a nice place where she could have her children and grandchildren to stay with her".

In 1858 she went to Elkington, Louth, where her daughter Emily was married to the Rector, to attend her in her confinement. A daughter was born, but Emily died, and died, and Mary also contracted a serious illness which ended fatally in a few days. Her body was brought to Brereton and laid in her husband's grave in the chancel of the church on 8 December 1859. She is commemorated by a window in the Church.

Children of Edward and Mary Royds

1. Edward 1820-1895
2. Clement 1822-1842
3. Henry 1822-1878
4. Thomas Molyneux 1824-1913
5. Francis Coulman 1825-1913
6. Charles James 1827-1898
7. Anne Mary 1829-1892
8. Edmund Molyneux 1830-1918
9. Emily 1834-1859
10. Nathanael 1836-1921

Edward (1) was educated at Rugby and Brasenose College Oxford. He rowed for Oxford in 1840 and 1841. As already mentioned, he took over the living of Brereton in 1845, and remained there for until his death on 29 July 1895 at the age of 74, having been rector and patron for fifty years. He married on 7 August 1845 at Walton on the Hill, Liverpool, his first cousin Anne Mary Littledale, daughter of Thomas Littledale of Highfield House, West Derby, and grand-daughter of Thomas Molyneux of Newsham House. She died on 13 January 1896 at Springfield, Bunbury, and was buried at Brereton. She has eight children:

i. Edward 1847-1870
ii. Amy 1849-1921
iii. Alfred Littledale 1850-1929
iv. Mary Emily 1852-1915
v. Ella Wordsworth 1854-1910
vi. Annette Julia 1857-1952
vii. Ethel 1859-1943
viii. Katherine Fanny 1860-1941.

Edward (i), born 14 November 1847, educated Eton and Trinity Hall Cambridge, was killed in a climbing accident and commemorated in a stained glass window in Brereton Church:

"In memory of Edward, son of E and AM Royds, killed in a fall on Monte San Salvatore, Lugano, the Eve of Ascension Day May 25th 1870, aged 22 years. This tablet is erected by his college friends in affectionate remembrance of one whose name will linger still with glad association in their hearts when the keen regret of his death shall have passed away."

Amy (ii) died unmarried on 3 January 1921 and was buried at Brookwood Cemetery. Alfred (iii), educated Winchester and Trinity Hall, succeeded his father as Rector of Brereton in 1896, after being perpetual curate of Chelford. He married on 13 August 1885 Eleanor Georgina Dixon, daughter of John Dixon of Astle by his wife Sophia, daughter of Thomas Tatton of Withenshaw. He retired to Lindhurst in 1919, where he died without issue on 15 June 1929, the last Royds rector of Brereton.

Mary Emily (iv), born 15 February 1852, married on 8 May 1883 Willoughby Brudenell Rooke of Stevenage, grandson of Anthony Littledale of Bolton Hall, York, and her second cousin. She died without issue on 18 January 1898.

Ethel (vii), born 8 July 1859, lived at Liphook, and I remember her visiting my grandmother, her first cousin, at Beaumaris in the thirties. She was a most amusing little person with a fund of anecdotes. Se died unmarried on 9 January 1943.

Katherine (viii) married on 20 August 1902 William Alexander Forbes, son of Major-General Forbes of the Bengal Army. They settled in Entre Rios, South America, and later at Ottery St Mary. She died childless on 24 April 1941.

Of the eight children, only two had a family: Ella Wordsworth (v), born 21 April 1854, married on 9 July 1890 the Revd Charles James Bradshaw, who had been a curate at Brereton from 1889-1890, and who later became vicar of Bollington. Ella died on 27 July 1910, four years before her husband. The administration of Charles's will was granted to his daughter:

1. Edith Mary Royds

Edith was described as "one of the next of kin of the deceased", so may not have been the only child, but I currently have no further details.

Netty (vi) born 8 February 1857 married on 8 June 1882 John Loring of Lonstill, Chester, and died on 11 December 1952 in her 96th year at Rest Harrow, Liphook, leaving five daughters:

1. Katherine Adelaide
2. Anne Margaret
3. Winfred Ruth
4. Ethel Marian
5. Mildred Joyce

Katherine (1) married Brigadier Hubert Conway Rees, CMG, DSO of Kyrewood House, Tetbury, Worcestershire. According to Who Was Who, he had three daughters. He died on 3 January 1948. He left his estate to his wife but nominated his daughter Mary Katherine to be executrix of his Will. Anne (2) never married. Winifred (3) married Colonel Adam Block of Sunrise, Massel River, Hermanus, Cape Province, South Africa. Mildred (5) married Colonel Harold W Giblin of The White House, Kyneton, Thornbury near Bristol.

Ethel (4) married Lieutenant General Sir Gordon Wilson, KCSI, CB, CBE, MC of Meadowhouse, Mains Hutton, Berwick-on-Tweed, an officer in the Army Medical Service. He died 17 July 1971, leaving two sons, of whom I have no further details at present:

(i) Maurice Hugh Gordon
(ii) Caird Wentworth Gordon

The Unmarried Children of Edward and Mary

Clement (2), born 8 April 1822, educated Kings College School, London, was drowned in the Mersey on 27 April 1842. He was working at the time with his twin brother Henry, my great-grandfather, in the offices of their uncles, Molyneux Taylor, merchants. He had joined a boat club, and one day he and his cousin Alfred Littledale with three others were taking a four across the river. It was a rough day and they were swamped. They turned the boat over, thinking they could cling better to it that way, but only the two holding on to the bow and stern were saved. Clement was last seen lying across the boat, but was washed off. His mother in a letter to her son Tom is Australia said:

"His body was found a fortnight after the calamity, he was not disfigured at all and his hair looked so beautiful in full curl all over his head, and his dress so nice. His grandfather's ring was in his pocket, which I am going to send you, as a remembrance of your Grandfather and more especially of your poor brother's untimely fate, and when you look at it, think should he have been cut off in an unprepared state, what his agonies of mind must have been, as well as his body when he found he was about to face his Maker, and let it be a warning to you."

He was buried at Walton church, the burial place of the Molyneux family, and there is a window in Brereton church "To the glory of God, and in memory of Clement Royds, died April 27th 1842 aged 20 years".

Charles James (6) born 26 August 1827 was educated at Worksop and entered the family business. He writes in 1845 "I came into Uncle Edmund's office last August . . . I like business pretty well, although I would rather be in the country." Two years later however he says "I am more and more determined every day to go out there myself, and to cut business altogether, as I do not at all like town life. I wish for (as a song I got the other day says) "A life in the woods for me"". He went out to Australia in 1851 and joined his brother Edmund at Juandah, Queensland, where they ran a sheep station for about forty years. Member for the Leichardt 1860-63 and 1868-71, he retired to England and died in Torquay in February 1918.

Edmund Molyneux (8) born 26 December 1830 writes in 1847 "I would like very much to go out to Australia, but it is a case of "Ask Mamma" who unfortunately does not approve of it. I should think it is the most delightful thing in the world. I also think that the business for which I am intended is not at all well suited for me, for a solicitor must give great application and perseverance in studies, and I am unhappily possessed of but a small portion of either, and I have also a great horror of town life." Educated at Liverpool Collegiate Institute, he went to Australia in 1849 and ran a sheep station with his brother as already mentioned. Member for the Leichardt 1864-67 and 1872-75, he retired to England and died at Stevenage on 15 July 1898.

Henry Royds and his Descendants

Henry (4), Clement's twin brother, born 8 April 1822, was educated at Kings College School, London. "They used to start for their destination in the coach that passed Brereton in the middle of the night" wrote Frank "and I suppose would end their journey sometime the next evening." He then went with Clement into the family firm, and soon after was laid up for a long time with rheumatic fever, from the effects of which he suffered all his not very long life. "Saturday next is Henry's birthday," writes his mother on 6 April 1843, "and he is to dine at Mt Falinge and receive his £4,000." Evidently each of the children was given this sum by their uncle and guardian Clement, on their twenty-first birthday.

Henry's great interest was horses—"I glory in a horse" as he says in one of his letters. While recovering from rheumatic fever he had a kick in the leg: "I am under Mr Astonley, one of the most eminent surgeons in London. It is the remains of that rheumatic fever. You know I have a bad leg, caused by a kick from a horse, for two years now. It is very lucky it showed itself in that way, as if it had not come out in my leg, I should most likely have had some internal complaint. I'm thankful to say that it, that is to say the wound, is healing, though very slowly. My leg swells a good deal and I don't suppose it will aver be as small as the other. Mr Vrey says he never saw such a bad leg, except some poor man in the hospital. He said I might have been leading a most dissipated life, whereas I have been leading an extremely quiet life ever since I came here that I have not been able to go anywhere. A sort of eruption came out on my face and then scabs, so that my forehead and upper part of my face was one mass of scabs. They have all disappeared and there are very slight red marks now, but they are going fast. It was caused by the impurity of my blood."

He writes to Tom to congratulate him on his marriage, adding "I wish I was in the same way, but must wait a bit and see what turns up in the way of business. I could not afford to keep a wife comfortable here under £1, so we are differently situated in that respect". In 1847 he writes to Tom about a trip in his cousin's yacht to the Isle of Man Regatta.

"Tom's yacht is a very comfortable good sea boat, 49 tons and a good roomy cabin, one state bed-room, 2 beds in the cabin and 2 more might be made up in the ladies' cabin which is a nice cabin in the stern. We had a very nice cruise and left Douglas abt. 8½ o'clock on Wednesday and had a very rough passage. It was blowing great guns and we were obliged to take in 2 reefs off our mainsail. We were all a little sick and we passed the night on deck, arriving at New Brighton abt. 6 o'clock next morning after a very pleasant trip . . . . I have got very fond of yachting and should like to keep a yacht of 100 to 150 tons and sail down to the Mediterranean, I would do it in style, if I could only afford it."

In 1848 he writes to announce his engagement:

"It is some time since I wrote to you, and I have only time now just to write and inform you of a change that is about to take place in my future life. In short I am going to get wed and the young lady I don't suppose you ever saw, though you know something of the family. Her name is Margaret Bourne, and she is the daughter of Peter and own brother to Tom and James, whom you may have met here, so now you know all I can tell you abt. her pedigree. She is a nice girl of course, aged 21, dark chestnut, and stands abt. 5.4. I should think she is amiable and very cheerful, steady in single harness, but never been in a double. We think of getting married in abt. 3 months or perhaps less. So you must look sharp if you intend entering a protest, which I hope you will not; it gives great satisfaction to all my friends and her friends seem all much pleased . . . . I have no more time to write as I am past due at my Misuses, se with best love to your wife, babe and self,

Believe me to remain,
Your affect. Bro.

Henry Royds."

Henry bought a house at Wavertree, became a JP, and raised a large family. His wife Margaret died on 7 February 1865 at the age of 38 shortly after giving birth to her ninth child. Henry was left with a family of eight children ranging from sixteen to two weeks. Understandably my grandmother used to say she never really knew her mother.

Henry married secondly on 9 June 1868 his second cousin, Ella Molyneux, the eldest daughter of Edmund Molyneux, British Consul for the state of Georgia, USA (see the Molyneux chapter below). Mary writes to Charles and Edmund in 1853:

"Last week Emily was at Rockpoint, seeing the last of Ella. On Friday we all went over the Arabia Steam Ship, and the next day they sailed in her, Mr Edmund Molyneux, Ella and sister, and had a fearful storm the next day. I hope she escaped, but a great number of sailing vessels had to return. Mrs Edmund and three daughters are to stay in Paris a year or two."

Ella died on 10 April 1880 aged 44, and Henry on 16 December 1878, sixteen months before her, at the age of 56. Henry had ten children:

i. Mary Petrena 1849-1937
ii. Margaret Bourne 1850-1937
iii. Dora Bourne 1851-1929
iv. Clement Bourne 1853-1854
v. Henry Bourne 1855-1895
vi. Elinor Bourne 1857-1952
vii. Annie Bourne 1858-1937
viii. Charles Bourne 1861-1929
ix. Emily Margaret Bourne 1865-1945

and by his second wife Ella

x. Hariette Winifred Molyneux 1873-1950.

Clement (iv), born 14 March 1853, is described by his grandmother: "Henry's wife and family are quite well; the little boy born in March comes on very nicely and is called Clement." and again, "All the Wavertree family are staying with me, so that I have plenty of company, three noisy little girls and a baby boy, a very fine little fellow. Henry and Margaret went last night to a gay party given by the mayor at the Town Hall on finishing his Mayoralty. There was music, and works of art to look at, and, after supper, dancing. They left when dancing began as Margaret did not like to leave her little boy." Clement died on 21 June 1854 aged fifteen months. I have a bible belonging to his mother into which were stitched at the 90th psalm a lock of his auburn hair and a rose placed in his hand at his death—a touchingly pathetic example of Victorian sentimentality.

Henry (v), born 18 March 1855 and educated at Eton, was a consumptive, and emigrated to Australia for health reasons, where he had a farm at Isisford, Queensland. My grandmother had a number of his sporting trophies, and he was a great favourite of my Aunt Agnes. He died in hospital at Isisford on 25 October 1895 aged 40.

Annie (vii), born 12 November 1858, was a keen horsewoman. Her other interest included family history, brass beating and rug making. She lived with her half-sister Winifred, first at Pontefract and later at Richmond, Yorkshire, where was used to visit them during the Christmas holidays in the thirties. They lived in considerable state for two maiden ladies, maintaining a staff of cook, parlour maid, housemaid, kitchen maid, a chauffeur and three gardeners.

I always remember the continuous round of entertainment they arranged for us children, with a second Christmas dinner on New Year's Day, and it was there that I first drank sherry. Arriving in long trousers at the age of thirteen, I was told "If you are old enough to wear trousers, you are old enough to drink sherry." Annie died on 19 May 1937.

Charley (viii) was born on 3 November 1861. Educated at Rossall and Pembroke College Cambridge, he was a keen oarsman and I have two of his rowing trophies. He lived at Chester, and his dying unmarried on 23 November 1929 he left the contents of his house to his sister Annie, who passed them on to my father. I still remember the arrival from Chester of two Browns' furniture vans at our house in Felsted, and the undreamed of comfort of the Heals beds.

Winifred (x), the daughter of Henry's second marriage, born 15 April 1873, was only seven when her mother died, and the heiress to a considerable fortune from her. It was constantly impressed on her that men would try to marry her for her money, and this put her so much on her guard that she never did marry. She was brought up by the Littledales and the Allingtons, and in World War I she served as a VAD in Salonica with her niece Hester. She set up house with her sister Annie, she providing the money and Annie running the house, which she did most efficiently, being up at 6.30 each morning to ensure that their servants were about their business.

With her full lips and tightly curled hair it was believed by the family that Winifred had inherited some African blood from her American antecedents. She was a most well-read and interesting person, and used to travel regularly on the continent or cruise with the Hellenic Travellers' Club.

On her sister Annie's death, deciding that Terrace House was too big for her (it is now a hotel) she moved to Westfield, Minchimhampton. She told me that she chose the area because it was nearer to London for her continental trips, and at the same time the Cotswolds reminded her of Yorkshire, but she subsequently regretted it as the war broke out soon after she moved, and cut off by petrol rationing she lived a rather lonely life there. Being unaccustomed to running a household, she was very much under the thumb of her servants, now reduced to a cook and a maid apart from her faithful chauffeur Hugill for whom she built a cottage. I used to visit her after the war, and she always made me thoroughly at home. She died on 17 April 1950, and left her house and its splendid contents to my father.

As none of Henry's sons married and had children, his married daughters, with whom we now deal, were all heraldic heiresses and so their descendants are entitled to quarter the Royds coat of arms with their own.

Petrena (Brocklebank) and her Descendants

Mary Petrena (i), whose second name came from her grandfather Peter Bourne, was born on 26 April 1849 at Elm House, Wavertree, and married on 25 April 1867 at Childwall, Lancashire, Thomas Brocklebank of The Roscote, Heswall, second son of Ralph Brocklebank of Childwall Hall, JP DL. Tom, High Sheriff of Cheshire 1901, JP, Chairman of the Neston Bench, was a banker by profession. Chairman of the North and South Wales Bank, he was also Director of the Exchange Company of Liverpool and a Senior Trustee of the Liverpool Savings Bank. A keen sportsman, he was a member of Ranelagh, a regular huntsman and a member of the Burlington Fine Arts Club. He had a fine private art gallery containing nine Turners, three Canalettos and pictures by Botticelli, Carpaccio and Holman Hunt, among others, while his hobbies included ornamental turning, drawing and photography.

Tom had a second house in Florence, the Villa San Leonardo, on the South Bank of the Arno between San Miniato and Bellosguardo, and latterly lived at Wateringbury Place, Kent, where he died on 18 February 1919.

Petrena visited the villa annually after her husband's death, and used it as a rest home for anglo-catholic clergy, being herself a staunch anglo-catholic. Geoffrey Carlisle told me that he and his wife had lunch there once, and that he did not think that she really approved of married clergy! She was always accompanied by her lady's maid Edmonds, and when she visited her sister Margaret, my grandmother, at Beaumaris, she would stay not with us but at the Bulkeley Arms Hotel. She would invite us children to lunch there, and give us the then princely sum of five shillings each as we left. She was a fellow of the Royal Historical Society and an adviser on the King's Picture Gallery. She died on 15 May 1937, when the Villa San Leonardo was sold to Caruso's widow. She had seven children:

1. Mary Adeline 1868-1882
2. John Wilfrid Royds 1869-1926
3. Ralph Eric Royds 1870-1921
4. Margaret Elsie 1873-1893
5. Henry Cyril (sic?) Royds 1874-1957
6. Richard Hugh Royds 1881-
7. Clement Edmund Royds 1862-1949.

Wilfred (2) educated Eton and Christ Church Oxford, was vicar of Longbridge Deverell, Wiltshire. He was my brother's godfather, but sadly died the year after Harry was born. My mother remembered seeing in his vicarage the Canalettos which he inherited from his father. He purchased the vicarage house from the church, and after his death it went to his nephew Denys. Winifred died unmarried on 13 November 1926—no doubt his mother approved of his bachelor status.

Ralph (3), born 13 November 1870, educated at Eton, served as a Major in the Royal Liverpool Rifles in World War I. He married on 23 April 1896 his mother's first cousin Constance Alington Royds (Connie), daughter of Revd Nat Royds, and lived at Haughton Hall, Bunbury, where a tablet in the church commemorates him as a benefactor. He died on 13 February 1921 having like his father had seven children:

i. Ralph Royds 1897-1917
ii. Denys Royds 1898-1947
iii. Peter Royds 1899-1900
iv. Richard Philip Royds 1901-
v. Elsie Mary Royds 1904-05
vi. Giles Royds 1911-1978
vii. Thomas Christopher Royds 1916-

Ralph, educated Eton, died of wounds in France on 16 May 1917. Denys, educated Eton, Commander RN, served in both wars. He married on 10 September 1924 Kathleen Lindsay, daughter of Colonel Walter Charles Lindsay MVO by his wife Lady Kathleen Butler, only daughter of the 6th Earl of Carrick, and died on 22 February 1947 leaving four children:

1. Eve 1926-
2. Ralph Wilfrid 1927-
3. Ann 1929-
4. Una 1930-

Ralph (2), the present Head of the Family, was educated at Lakefield, Ontario, during the war and at Trinity College Cambridge. He married on 8 February 1954 Beryl Seabury of Wollaston, Syourbridge, and has one son:

i. Guy Philip, born 24 August 1954 educated Millfield and The City University, Lieutenant RN.

Ralph has also four adopted children:

ii. Susan Petrena, born 6 July 1956
iii. Mark Eric, married to Jacquelline has a daughter, Rachel
iv. Keren
v. Leo, born 15 August 1964.

Eve (1) married Anthony Victor Haye on 30 December 1952 and has six children:

i. Gabriel Fiona, born 3 December 1954, is married and has a daughter
ii. Tobias John, born 5 April 1956
iii. Denys Micheal, born 9 October 1957
iv. Sandra Juliet born 6 July 1959
v. Charlotte Mary born 27 September 1964.

Anne (3) married on 16 February 1962 John Ronald Linsay Antrobus, son of Lt. Col. Ronald Henry Antrobus MC, RA, by his wife Muriel Kathleen, granddaughter of Sir Swinnerton Halliday Dyer, tenth baronet, and had two children:

i. Nigel John Linsay, born 19 March 1953
ii. James Hugh Linsay, born 10 November 1954.

The marriage was dissolved in 1960 and Anne married secondly on 1 April 1961 Maurice Stanley Gooding.

Una (4) married on 27 August 1960 Christopher John Lewers, and has three children:

i. Angela Jane Linsay born 28 July 1962
ii. Katherine Elizabeth Linsay born 8 April 1964
iii. Patrick

Richard Philip (iv), FRIBA, educated Eton and Trinity College Cambridge, married on 9 June 1926 Mary Margaret MacNabb, daughter of the Revd James Frederick ManNabb, and died on 23 December 1951, leaving two children:

1. John Philip, born 9 April 1928.
2. Gillian Margery, born 5 December 1929.

John Philip (1), chartered accountant,. married on 28 March 1958 Ann, daughter of Harold Barningham, and has three children:

i. Philip Mark born 16 January 1960
ii. James David born 12 October 1961
iii. Sarah born 10 April 1964.

Gillian (2) married on 23 August 1958 John Richard La Touche Corrie, late of Burmah Shell, son of Sir Owen Cecil Kirkpatrick Corrie MC, and had three children:

i. Charles Owen Brocklebank, born 31 January 1961, educated Winchester and Imperial College.
ii. Victoria Mary Brocklebank born 23 May 1962
iii. Georgina Brocklebank

Giles (v), educated Eton and Trinity College Cambridge, served in the Royal Artillery from 1935 to 1954 (MC 1943, DSO 1945). He retired with the honorary rank of Lt Colonel and took orders, serving as vicar of Lacock from 1959 to 1971. A very keen family historian, he produced in 1952 a revised edition of the Royds Family Pedigree. He married on 9 June 1938 Kathleen Enid, daughter of Major Jack Becke, CBE, Chief Constable of Cheshire, and died in 1978 leaving four children:

1. Peter born 22 March 1940
2. Diana born 22 November 1941
3. Michael born 1 November 1946
4. Bridget Gillian born 3 May 1953.

Peter (1) educated Eton, a chartered accountant, married Sarah Penelope Scarlett-Streatfield and has two children:

i. Nicholas James born 1967, educated King's Cantebury
ii. Henrietta Jane born 1970, educated Haslemere

Diana (2) married Dr Micheal Wheatley Price and has two children:

i. Elizabeth born 1971
ii Paul born 1973

Michael (3) educated Eton is a solicitor. Bridget (4) is married to Gordon Richard Donaldson and has a daughter:

i. Joanna Louise born 1981.

Christpher (vii) married Evelyn Doris Pavitt and has three children:

1. Richard James born 1941
2. David Christopher married ?
3. Hugh Thomas married ?

Henry Cecil (sic?) Royds (4), Captain RN, CBE (1919) DL and JP Wilts, JP Dorset, served in World War I in 6th and 10th cruiser squadrons, and as naval attaché the Hague, Chevalier Legion d'Honneur, educated HMS Britannia, married 22 February 1900 Honoria Caroline, daughter of Captain William Henry Lewin RN, and died 30 June 1957 leaving:

i. Thomas Anthony 1908-
ii. Margaret Petrena 1901-
iii. (Elinor) Joan Ida 1901-
iv. Angela Ruth (Angie) 1910-
v. Philippa Mary 1911-

Angie (iv) is a keen gardener and lives in Midhurst. Thomas Anthony (i), educated Eton and Trinity College Cambridge was a master at Eton 1934-61 (house master 1946-59) and a member of the 1933 Mount Everest expedition. He married Avril Cecil (Jane) daughter of Cecil G Alder, and has issue:

1. Thomas Daniel 1940-
2. Caroline Jane 1937-
3. (Sarah) Louise 1938-
4. Elizabeth Theresa 1944-

Thomas Daniel (1), educated Eton, married Barbara Irene Mumby. Caroline Jane married Revd Bernard Rex Davis of New South Wales and has two children:

i. Miranda 1962-
ii. ? 1963-

Sarah (3) married 1963 Dr Robert Hugh Craig Catty, son of Brigadier Thomas Claude Catty, CMG, DSO.

Margaret Petrena (ii) married 5 August 1926 Lt Gen. Sir Euan Miller KCB, KBE, DSO, MC, late of KRRC and had issue:

1. Susan Jennifer 1928-
2. Judith 1929-
3. Euan Jeremy 1931-

Susan (1) married 5 September 1952 John Clay and has issue:

i. Henry 1955-
ii. Thomas 1956-
iii. Robert 1961-
iv. Hugh. 1961-

Philippa (v) married 29 June 1935 Wade Toby Caulfield, son of Vice-Admiral Francis Wade Caulfield, CBE, descendant of 1st Viscount Charlemont. They have two children:

1. James Alexander, born 1937 married ?
2. Charlotte Antonia born 1939 married ?

Richard Hugh Royds, DSO (1919) DL, JP Warks, educated Eton and Magdalen College Oxford, served in 9th Queen's Royal Lancers in South Africa and in World War I (mentioned in despatches) retired 1921, married 14 September 1910 Charlotte Carissia, daughter of General Sir Bindon Blood GCB, GCVO, and had three children:

i. Bindon Henry Edmund born 1 July 1914 died 13 February 1919
ii. John Ralph Auckland 1921-1943
iii. Ursula Mary 1934-

John (ii) educated Eton and Magdalen College Oxford was killed in action in Italy on 8 November 1943 while serving as a Lieutenant Grenadier Guards. Ursula (iii) married 1 December 1934 John Strutt, 5th Baron Rayleigh.

Sir Clement Edmund Royds (7) educated Eton and Magdalen College Oxford, was MP for East Nottingham 1924-29 and for Fairfield Division of Liverpool 1921(sic?)-45, was PPS to various under secretaries and ministers, KB 1937. He married on 15 March 1927 (Lucy) Grace, daughter of Arthur John Wise, and died on 24 August 1949 leaving issue:

i. Felicity 9, born May 1929, married 21 February 1952 William Walker-Watson and had two children: 1. Colin Alistair born 15 December 1955
2. Martin Neal born 11 August 1957.

Margaret Bourne (Armitstead)

Margaret, Henry's second child, was educated at Chaillot in Paris. She married my grandfather Sydney Henry Armitstead on 7 October 1875 at Holy Trinity, Wavertree, and details of their family have been given in chapter 1. A very active person, an indefatigable sportswoman and sightseer, she swam the Menai Straits after her husband's retirement to Anglesey, and used to ride her tricycle until she was eighty. She was a wonderful old lady, devoted to her grandchildren, and Beaumaris was our second home in the twenties and thirties—she moved there from Glyn Garth after her husband's death, and lived at Chauntry House, which was big enough for her to be able to entertain her grandchildren and their parents.

One of her greatest pleasures was to go out in her rowing boat which she had brought from Cheshire. It was more suitable for the river Dee than the tidal waters of the Straits, and needed a coxwain on the rudder, but we had many an enjoyable outing in it. She died on 21 March 1937 having suffered two strokes, the first in 1930 from which she largely recovered by sheer determination.

Dora Bourne (Pownall)

Dora, always referred to by my grandmother as "Dearest D", was married, in a joint wedding with her, to Charles Assheton Whately Pownall, son of the Ven, Assheton Pownall, Archdeacon of Leicester. He was an engineer and built the Japanese Railways. Aunt Dora was very Victorian in her outlook, and once scolded my Aunt Hester as a brazen hussey for having a hand mirror on her dressing table. Dora died on 3 February 1929 leaving two children:

1. Assheton 1877-1953
2. Henry Royds 1887-1961

Assheton (1), born 3 October 1877, educated Rugby, was Conservative MP for East Lewisham from 1918 until 1945. In 1943 he appeared in a series of caricatures of MPs in Punch with the clerihew:

For a quarter of a century
Sir Assheton Pownall
Has studied back-benchery
Upon the seat leased
By Lewisham East.

An OBE, he was knighted for political services in 1926. He married in Lichfield Cathedral Florence Hester Cowell, a delightful Irish girl, and had a daughter Margery who married . . . . Jackson. Assheton died on 29 October 1953. His obituary appeared in The Times on 31 October 1953:



Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Assheton Pownall, OBE, TD, DL, who sat as a Unionist for East Lewisham from 1918 to 1945, died on Thursday, less than a month after his seventy-sixth birthday.

An underwriting member of Lloyd’s, he acquired during his long service in the House of Commons an enviable reputation for judgement and alertness in financial matters. Though he remained a back-bencher for his whole career, few members were so much liked and respected especially in the arduous and unspectacular work of committees, where his shrewd common sense and suave manner kept discussion to the point and allowed business to go on quickly and smoothly.

Assheton Pownall was born on October 3, 1877, the son of CAW Pownall and grand-son of the Ven. Assheton Pownall, sometime Archdeacon of Leicester. He was educated at Rugby and spent his early years in the City. From 1907 to 1910 he sat for Lewisham in the London County Council and was vice-chairman of the Highways committee of the council. He was adopted as Unionist candidate for Bermondsey in 1908, but by the time the General Election came in 1910 he had been adopted as candidate for Rotherhithe and he contested the latter constituency. Unsuccessful there, he transferred his allegience to Tottenham in 1911, but it was not until the General Election of 1918 that, with war service in the 20th Battalion, The London Regiment, behind him, he was successful at East Lewisham.

He was parliamentary private secretary to the Minister of Labour in 1924-29, and about that time visited Russia in order to see for himself the conditions there. He was not impressed. His financial gifts were recognised in 1942 by his election as chairman of the Public Accounts Committee of the House, a position he held until he was defeated by Mr Herbert Morrison at East Lewisham in 1945. He had been Master of the Vintners’ Company in 1942 and again in 1947 and a member of the London Territorial Association since its foundation in 1908 until 1947.

He married in 1904 Florence Helen, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Clayton Cowell. She died last December and is survived by a daughter of the marriage.

On 3 November The Times published two tributes:


Sir Kenneth Swan writes:

Sir Assheton Pownall was one of those happy mortals who, while doing the work he had to do, and doing it well, could always find time for relaxation. He was essentially a planner. His days were carefully apportioned between work and recreation.

His hobbies were many and varied, mostly involving some form of physical exercise which he could enjoy in the company of friends: golf, tennis, skiing, dancing, walking. He wan an enthusiastic member of a group of pedestrians known as the "Sunday Tramps" (a society founded long ago by Leslie Stephen). He was also extremely fond of foreign travel. No one who was his companion on such expeditions needed to trouble his head about times of trains or hotel tariffs. The whole tour was planned and efficiently managed by this incomparable courier.

Chess and bridge were his favourite indoor games and in the former he was a very formidable but none the less genial opponent. And so it was through all his activities, whether at work or at play; geniality, good temper, and true sportsmanship characterised all he did. He was indded a dear friend and delightful companion.

Mr BS Townroe writes:

Throughout his life Sir Assheton Pownall took a keen interest in Anglo-French relations. Both as Master of the Vintners’ Company and as a Member of the Council of the Franco-British Society he gave frrely of his shrewd political sense and natural kindness in furthering good relations between the two countries. He loved to spend his holidays in France and attended every Franco-British Society since the war. The French loved him for his humour, which sometimes had a Gallic tang, and for his sympathy with their problems.

Another appeared on 6 November:

Sir Gilbert Upcott writes:

May I add a note upon Assheton Pownall’s service as a member and chairman of the Public Accounts Committee of the House of Commons? He was first appointed to the committee in February, 1923, and for many years was a regular attendant and a careful student and critic of departmental administration. His long and faithful service was justly recognised in April, 1943, when he was called to the chair on the resignation of the then chairman following an unfortunate accident. As chairman, Pownall always studied the business to be taken with care. His quickness of comprehension and speed in cross-examination were remarkable; indeed they sometimes surprised the witnesses before him. He was always courteous and considerate to them and to his fellow members, and he will be remembered with affection by all who served with him.

Henry (2) educated Rugby and RMA Woolwich, had a most distinguished army career. This obituary appeared in The Times the day after he died:


Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall, KCB, KBE, DSO, MC, died on 9 June, 1961, at the age of 73.

His earlier career (including his service in the Four Years War) was bound up with the artillery, but in his middle forties he branched out into wider fields as Deputy Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence; and at 51 he was Director of Military Operations and Intelligence at the War Office. Over and above his reputation as a sound strategist and a gallant soldier, Pownall was well known for his wide reading in military history and theory; and had a deep knowledge of military law.

He gave great assistance in military matters to Sir Winston Churchill in the preparation of The Second World War.

Henry Royds Pownall was born on November 19, 1887, second son of Charles Assheton Whately Pownall, of Blackheath, who built the principal Japanese railways. As an infant of three, Henry was taken out by his mother to Japan, and learnt the language concurrently with English during a stay of five years, after which he was sent home for preparatory schooling. Later he went to Rugby (where his father had been educated) and from there to the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, whence he was commissioned into the RFA in 1906, passing out among the first 15 students of his year. From 1906 to 1914 he was at various stations in England and India, and his first foreign service was with the RHA at Lucknow.

From 1914 to 1918 Pownall served continuously in France and Belgium, acting as brigade major to the Royal Artillery, 17th Division, in 1917-18. He was twice mentioned in despatches, and was awarded the MC and DSO, finishing the war with the rank of major. In 1924-25 he was Brigade Major at the School of Artillery, and from 1926 to 1929 GSO2 at the Staff College, Camberley.


In 1931 he won a bar to his DSO in action on the North-West Frontier of India. Thereafter Pownall began work with the Committee of Imperial Defence, to which he was successively Military Assistant Secretary, Senior Assistant Secretary, and Deputy Secretary (1933-36). From 1936 to 1938 he served as Commandant of the School of Artillery, Larkhill, with the rank of brigadier.

In 1938 Pownall was promoted to the first of what was to prove a long series of highly responsible appointments, becoming Director of Military Operations and Intelligence at the War Office. This appointment crowned a remarkable series of promotions and represented a jump of more than a hundred places in seniority; moreover, in the five years preceding the outbreak of war Pownall was promoted no less than five times. On the outbreak of the Second World War he went to France with the BEF as Chief of the General Staff; and his admirable work during the Battle of France earned him a mention in despatches and a KBE. When the Local Defence Volunteer Forces were formed, Pownall, as Inspector-General, was their first chief; and though he shortly gave place to General Eastwood—to the annoyance of Mr Churchill, who thought that a man of Pownall’s reputation at their head would hearten the volunteers—when nominated C-in-C British forces in Northern Ireland, he was still able to oversee the work of the Home Guard while acting as Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff in 1941.


In November, 1941, General Sir Alan Brooke replaced General Sir John Dill as CIGS and in the accompanying reshuffle it was announced that Pownall had been selected for a special appointment. The nature of this was not made public until over a month later when the War Office announced that he had arrived in Singapore and assumed the appointment as C-in-C Far East in succession to Air Chief Marshall Sir Robert Brooke-Popham.

In January 1942, he became Chief of Staff to General Wavell in the South-West Pacific Command; as Sir Winston Churchill has written: "But for this he would have been called upon to bear the terrible load which fell upon the shoulders of General Percival". He was promoted Lieutenant-General, and then in April took over the Ceylon Command. This he held until March, 1943, when he became C-in-C Persia-Iraq (succeeding Sir Henry Maitland Wilson) and later Chief of Staff to Lord Louis Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander, South-East Asia Command. In November, 1944, ill-health obliged Pownall to relinquish the appointment and he retired form the Army in 1945. That year he was created KCB. From 1942 ti 1952 he was Colonel Commandant, Royal Artillery.

He was appointed Chief Commissioner of the St John Ambulance Brigade in 1947—in succession to General Sir Clive Liddell—Vice-Chancellor of the Order of St John in 1950 and Chancellor a year later. He was chairman of Friary Meux Ltd and a member of the committee of Lloyds Bank.

Pownall’s service covered areas and periods of extreme military and political difficulties for British arms: but in the most difficult situations he was well known for his unruffled imperturbability. He had a first-class brain whaich was seen at its best in his Staff work.


Quiet and precise in manner, he was an energetic worker who brought to the task in hand a clear, well-ordered mind. He was a thoughtful and careful strategist, who, having evolved his plan, explained it with force and clarity to his subordinates. From those under his command he expected an equal faculty for quick and precise exposition, but to each and all of them he was a quiet, courteous and sympathetic chief. He had a remarkable memory, and was a masterly writer of minutes and report. Off duty Pownall’s relaxations were skiing, fly-fishing and golf.

He was a conversationalist of delightful but unobtrusive wit.

He married in 1918 Lucy Louttit Gray, youngest daughter of William Henderson, of Aberdeen. She died in 1950.

My sister Zoë, serving as a Wren in Trincomalee, Ceylon, was invited to dinner with him at the Gallface Hotel in Colombo, much to the envy of her friends. Made a KBE in 1940, he was Colonel Commandant Royal Artillery 1942-52. He married in 1918 Lucy Grey, and died without issue on 9 June 1961.

Elinor Bourne (Cole-Hamilton)

Elinor, born 13 March 1857, married on 21 February 1864 John Isaac Cole-Hamilton of Sutton Hall, Ferrybridge, Yorkshire, a member of the Earl of Eniskillen's family, and had three children:

1. Margaret Selina 1884-?
2. Hugh Arthur Willoughby 1887-1947
3. John Beresford 1894-1945.

Margaret (1), born 18 November 1884, served in Word War I in the FANY 1915-19, gaining the Croix Civique and Medaille de la Reign Elizabeth (Belgium) and the Medaille de la Reconnaissance (France). Subsequently she became Assistant Administrator WRNS and WRAF. Cousin Margaret, as we knew her, was very much the spinster and a complete contrast to her fun-loving mother. My cousin Giles Brocklebank wrote to her before I knew him asking if she knew my address as he would like to get in touch with me. She answered telling him that I was at Dartmouth, and that he was not to bother me as I was much too busy. She also told him off for not going to see his father's cousin Michael Hedges, or asking him to tea, saying "bad manners are inexcusable in a clergyman".

Having said this, I must add that she was a very good Christian and took a great deal of interest in the family. Once when I went to call on her in Sidmouth where she was laid up in her lodgings, her landlady said "There is a Mr Armitage to see you", and she answered, although I had not seen her for a couple of years "I think you mean Armitstead, don't you?"

Hugh (2), born 10 October 1887, became a Lieutenant Colonel in the 2nd Yorks and Lancs. He served in World War I 1914-18, was mentioned in despatches three times, wounded, and taken prisoner in 1918. He served in the last war too, but was invalided in 1942. Hugh married on 27 September 1932 Eileen Mary, only child of Revd Precentor Charles Vereker Chester Atkinson, rector of Kilpeakon, county Limerick, and died without issue on 7 July 1947.

John (3), born 1 December 1894, was educated at RNC Dartmouth and served in World War I, being twice mentioned in despatches. He took up flying and joined the RFC on its inception, subsequently serving in the RAF and reaching the rank of Air-Vice-Marshall. He became a CBE in 1941 and a CB 1943. He married on 12 June 1928 Hilda Violet Leslie, daughter of Charles Leslie Fox of Rumwell Hall, Taunton, and died on 22 August 1944 leaving a daughter:

i. Diana Patricia Selina 1932-

Diana was born on 30 August 1932, educated Girton College Cambridge (B Arch 1953) married 2 November 1957 Stephen Wilbraham Ford, of Bowhay, Iwerne Minster, Dorset, (marriage since dissolved by divorce) and has two children:

1. Joanna Margaret Randle born 13 November 1958
2. Jonathan Hugo born 8 September 1960.

Aunt Elinor was my favourite great-aunt. She used to come and stay in Beaumaris when we were there in the summer, and was a most amusing person, always interested in us and joining in our fun. She died in Sidmouth on 20 December 1952 aged 95, having outlived both her sons.

Emily Margaret Bourne (Hedges)

Aunt Emily, the youngest of the children of Henry and Margaret, was born on 13 January 1865. Her mother died a week after she was born, which is presumably why she was given the name Margaret which had already been given to my grandmother, her older sister. She married on 18 December 188?, at St George's Hannover Square, Killingworth Richard Hedges, of Hedges and Butler Ltd. Of all the great-aunts she was the most modern in her outlook, and my father used to think that she used far too much make-up, saying that her face looked as if it had come straight out of a flour bag! They lived at Upper Slaughter where her Witts cousin was vicar. They had one son, Michael, who served in the RASC retiring as a brigadier. He married an Irish girl, Dodie . . . . ., and had no children. He retired to Wedhampton near Devizes, and was chairman of the Governors of Dauntsey's School.

Thomas Molyneux Royds and the Australian Branch

Thomas Molyneux, born 12 March 1824, emigrated to Australia and married Elizabeth Jane Roberts on 29 November 1844 at Exeter Farm, Braidwood, New South Wales. Thomas died on 13 January 1852 at the age of 27, and is commemorated in a window in Brereton church. They had three children:

1. Thomas Molyneux 1846-1847
2. Edmund Molyneux 1847-1912
3. William Edward 1849-1910.

Thomas (1), born on 17 February 1846 died just under a year later on 26 January 1847. Edmund (2) married Elizabeth Ella Canvin of Braidwood on 30 December 1905 and died without issue 25 July 1912. William (3), a farmer like his brother, married Hannah Latitia Palmer on 22 July 1874 and died on 28 July 1910 having had eight children:

i. Thomas Molyneux 1875-1938
ii. Helen Molyneux 1877-1972
iii. Adele Molyneux 1871-1966
iv. Florence Molyneux 1882-1964
v. William Molyneux 1884-1926
vi. Ethel Molyneux 1886-1964
vii. Charles Molyneux 1888-
viii Frank Molyneux 1890-91.

Of the daughters only Ethel (vi) married. Her husband was John McBratney and there were three children. William (v) died unmarried in 1926 in a mining accident. Thomas (i) married Amy Gertrude Barber and died in 1938 having had three children:

1. John Molyneux 1929-
2. Richard William 1923-
3. Thomas Roger 1924-

John (1) was educated at Canberra Grammar Church of England Boys school and left with a diploma in agriculture to run the family property after the death of his father. He joined the RAAF in 1940. As a pilot he served with disctinction in New Guinea. He married Joan Campbell Black and had a son:

i. Ian Molyneux

Ian was educated at Canberra Grammar Boys Church of England School and Cranbrook School, Sydney. He took a BA in Applied Science Agriculture and a diploma in Fine Arts and Eduction. He competed in a number of kayak events at the 1974 Commonwealth games, winning 2nd place in the mens open single kayak, 1st in the down river race, 2nd in the team single kayak event, 3rd in single Canadian conoe and 3rd in the Canadian teams event. He has worked as an artist and furniture maker, a kayaking instructor, a manager of a mushroom factory and is now a teacher at Oxley College. He married Anne Michelle Doulton, a graduate in early childhod education and TAFE coordinator for Moss Vale, NSW They have three children:

1. Paul
2. Bruce Clement
3. David John

Richard (2) married Olive Constance and has an adopted son James Edward born 7 July 1972. They called on me in September 1981 during a visit to the UK.

Thomas (3) married Margaret Terry Helm and had four children:

i. Victoria
ii. Martin
iii. Rodney
iv. Sonia

Charles (vi) married Mary Arnott and died 1932 laving a son:

1. David Molyneux 1923-

David, born 25 January 1923, was educated at Jembaicumbene Public and Knox Grammar School, then Kings School in Sydney. He left school aged 17 to join the forces, but his maother made him spend a year at home on the property before he joined the RAAF. After training in Australia and Canada he arrived in England to join the Tactical AF Ferrying. He had a crash in a Spitfire was hospitalised for nine months. He rejoined No 1 RAF Squadran at Detling-Manston. In 1944 he was shot down over Coblenz and spent the rest of the war as a guest of the German government. When he returned home he set about improving his property ‘Caloola’, which he held jointly with his mother who owned a one third share. He bought his mother’s share in 1952 and ran only sheep until 1971 when he also started to run cattle. On 13th April 1957 at St Stephen’s Church, Sydney he married at Gladsome Susan Chirnside, daughter of Lindsay Chirnside and Florence Elgood of Moree Springs, Bibbenluke, NSW. They had four children:

i. Susan Linda 1958-
ii. William James Molyneux 1959-
iii. Anne Louise 1962-
iv. Stephen David Molyneux 1965-

Francis Coulman Royds

The Revd FC Royds married Cornelia Frances Blomfield, a member of the Massie family which has been covered in that section of this site. Described by her grandson Philip Gribble as a delightful and petite daughter of a branch of the Blomfield family, Cornelia died on 12 December 1919 aged 90 and was buried at Penmaenmawr. She ans Francis had ten children, whose descendants are my cousins twice over:

1. Alice Mary 1853-1926
2. Frances 1854-1903
3. Ellen Hester 1855-1928
4. Frank Massie 1856-1884
5. Edith 1858-1943
6. Norah 1859-1923
7. Edmund 1860-1946
8. Mary 1863-1945
9. Evelyn 1863-1938
10. Agatha 1865-1938.

Frances (2) and Ellen (3) died unmarried. Frank (4) born 14 November 1856 was educated at Rossall and joined the Royal Navy in 1870. He served in HMS Agingcourt, HMS Achillies, and was in HMS Bacchante on her first voyage round the world. He then joined HMS Carysfort and took part in the Suez Canal operations in 1882, serving with the Naval Brigade of the British Expedition from Trinkiat, and was killed at El Teb. The following memorials were erected to him:

In Coddington Church, a brass tablet inscribed:

In memory of Lieutenant Frank Massie Royds RN, aged 27 years, who was mortally wounded at the battle of El Teb on February 29 1884 while in command of HMS Carysfort’s gattling gun. This tablet is erected by the Captain and Officers with whom he served in HMS Carysfort, in loving memory of a Gallant Officer and amiable companion.

He hath used no deceit in his tongue,
Nor done evil to his neighbour.

In the same church, a window dedicated:

To the glory of God and in memory of Frank Massie Royds RN, son of a Rector of this parish, who died of wounds at El Teb and was buried in the Red Sea March 2nd 1884.

In Rossall School Chapel:

In memory of Frank Massie Royds, Lieut.RN, HMS Carysfort, who came to Rossall in 1867, entered the Royal Navy in 1870, and after a career of signal promise was chosen for service with the Naval Brigade at the second battle of El Teb on the Soudan where he was mortally wounded Feb 29th 1884 aged 27 years.

In the Anglican Church, Alexandria, a brass tablet inscribed:

In loving memory of Frank Massie Royds, Lieut.RN, of HMS Carysfort, and eldest son of the Rev. Frances Coulman Royds of Coddington Rectory, Cheshire, who fell mortally wounded in the chest at the battle of El Teb while commanding a division of the Royal Naval Brigade. He died on board the Carysfort March 1st 1888 aged 27 years and was buried at sea near Suakia.

Edmund (7), born 6 July 1860, educated Haileybury, was a solicitor and MP, and his career is summed up in the following obituary from The Times of 1 April 1946:


Sir Edmund Royds OBE, a well-known figure in Lincolnshire, and former Conservative MP for the Sleaford Division, died at his home, Stubton Hall, Newark on Trent, yesterday at the age of 85.

The son of the late Canon FC Royds and Cornelia, daughter of Canon GB Blomfield of Mollington Hall, Cheshire, he was born on 6 July 1860 and educated at Haileybury. By profession a solicitor, he became senior partner In the firm of Royds Rawsthorne and Co of 46 Bedford Square WC. For many years he took an active part in the public life of Lincolnshire, and sat as Conservative MP for Sleaford from 1910 to 1923. He had served as a Major in the Lincolnshire Yeomanry and as Lieutenant- Colonel and County Commandant of the Lincolnshire Volunteer Force. In 1919 he was made OBE. He was sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1931 and DL for the County.

Sir Edmund Royds, who was knighted in 1939, was Chairman of the Lincolnshire Chamber of Agriculture and had contributed letters on agricultural subjects to The Times. Music, hunting and cricket were among his other interests. He married in 1889 Rachel Louisa, daughter of Colonel Francis Fane of Fulbeck. Lady Royds died in 1943, and their son Anthony Fane Royds died in June last year."

There were two children:

i. Anthony Fane, born 18 March 1890, died unm 2 June 1945.
ii. Jasper Francis, born 19 October 1895, was killed in an accident on 9 November 1917 as a Sub-Lieutenant RN.

Alice (1) born 6 January 1853 at Parkgate, married the Revd John Aneurin Howell, vicar of Penmaenmawr, on 3 October 1883 at Coddington. Son of the Revd David Howell, vicar of Wrexham, John was incumbent of Penmaenmawr 1881-1895, and of St Bede, Toxteth Park, Liverpool from 1895 until his death in 1909. There were three children:

i. Frank, worked in South America
ii. Hugh, married ? and had a daughter Mary
iii. John, married Angel Archdale and had a daughter Dilys.

Edith (5) was born at Coddington on 1 January 1858 and married on 3 June 1880 Archibald Peyton Skipwith, grandson of the eighth baronet, by whom she had two children:

i. Frank Peyton 1881-1915
ii. Nora 1882-1943.

Frank (i), a Major Royal Scots Fusiliers, married 9 November 1909 the Hon. Bridget Vera Byng, daughter of the 8th Viscount Torrington, and was killed in action in September 1915 leaving two children:

1. Nanette Elizabeth 1910-
2. Cynthia 1912-

Nanette (1) born 5 August 1910 married on 17 March 1854 Lt Colonel John Brett, Royal Garwhal Rifles and Colonial Administration Service. Cynthia (2) born 30 July 1912, married on 15 June 1933 Desmond Louis Shaw Smith of Dublin and has issue.

Nora (ii) married on 12 July 1912 Commander the Lord George Seymour, fourth son of the sixth Marquess of Hertford, and died 21 September 1959 having had four children:

1. Paul Horatio 1911-1942
2. George Victor 1912-1953
3. Patricia Mary 1913-
4. Frank Hugh 1919-1944.

Paul (1) born 16 May 1911, Squadron-Leader RAF, was killed in action in November 1942. He married on 16 October 1937 Hilda Mary Crickmay and left one son:

i. Andrew Conway Paul, born 1 November 1939, educated Stowe, served in N Rhodesian Civil Service and in the RAF. He married on 31 October 1964 June Anne Gardiner.

George (2) born 5 August 1912, Lt Colonel Royal Scots Fusiliers, married on 3 August Hilda Elizabeth Philips. Her grandfather, the first baronet, Sir Lionel Philips, was associated with the Transvaal gold-mining industry and closely identified with the political development of South Africa. IN 1896 he was arrested on a charge of high treason and sentenced to death, but later released. He returned to England, became High Sheriff for Hampshire in 1908, and was created baronet in 1912. George, MC, died on 12 July 1953, and his son

i. Nicholas George Mark was born posthumously 24 October 1953 and educated at Clayesmore school.

Patricia (3) married on 23 November 1933 the Revd Emmanuel Theodore Casdagli , and had one son:

i. David Seymore Emmanuel, educated Harrow, married on 2 October 1965 Christine Ethne Cottier.

Frank (4), born 5 December 1925, a Lieutenant RN in the 1939-45 war, was killed in action in July 1944, unmarried.

Archibald Skipwith died on 28 December 1883 in Melbourne, Australia, and Edith married secondly on 21 January 1888 Major Reginald Curtis Toogood, Royal Scots Fusiliers, who served in the Sudan 1884-85 (medal with clasp and bronze star) and the Burmese expedition 1886-87 (mention in despatches). He died 3 June 1939, and Edith on 20 January 1943.

Norah (Gribble) and her Descendants

Norah (6), born 5 April 1859, married on 27 July 1881 George James Gribble, of Hans Place, London. She had six children:

i. Phyllis
ii. Norah le Grand
iii. Lesley
iv. Barbara
v. Philip le Grand 1891-
vi. Julian Royds, VC 1897-19

Phyllis (i) married Wolverly Fordham and died childless, and Norah le Grand died unmarried.

Julian (vi), born in 1897, was educated at Eton "where he was a good all-rounder with endless friends, left there in 1916 and joined the 10th battalion Warwickshire Regiment. In March 1918 he showed exceptional gallantry in covering the withdrawal of his own brigade, and also the garrison of Harnes and three batteries of Field Artillery from the Beaumetz to Harmies Ridge. He was left for dead, apparently shot through the head, and was awarded what was thought to be a posthumous Victoria Cross."

The citation to the VC in the London Gazette of 28 June 1918 runs:

Lieutenant (T/Captain) Julian Royds Gribble, Royal Warks. Regt.

For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. Captain Gribble was in command of the right company of the battalion when the enemy attacked and his orders were to hold on to the last. His company was eventually entirely isolated, although he could easily have withdrawn them at one period when the rest of the battalion on his left were driven back to a secondary position.

His right flank was in the air, owing to the withdrawal of all troops of a neighbouring division. By means of a runner to a company on his left he intimated his determination to hold on until other orders were received from Battalion HQ and this he inspired his company to accomplish. His company was eventually surrounded by the enemy at close range, and he was seen fighting to the last. His subsequent fate is unknown.

By his splendid example of grit Captain Gribble was materially instrumental in preventing for some hours the enemy obtaining a complete mastery of the ridge, and by his magnificent self-sacrifice he enabled the remainder of his own brigade to be withdrawn as well as another garrison and three batteries of Field Artillery.

"Subsequently", Philip continues, "it was discovered that his wound was a scalp wound which had only stunned him, and afterwards he was a prisoner of war in Mainz, and, to my mother’s everlasting grief, he died there on Armistice Day, a victim of Spanish Influenza then sweeping Europe. Many millions died, and their deaths far exceeded the total casualties of the whole war. My mother was broken hearted. She went into a spiritual decline and never recovered a balanced view of life. The early death of my sister Lesley after a few years of marriage had much affected my mother. She believed that Lesley’s death was due to carelessness and she brooded over this loss. Julian’s death, again, as she thought, due to neglect, seemed to break down her final defences. She was the victim of regret and mourning throughout the remainder of her not very long life.

"I took my mother to Germany to view my brother’s grave early in 1919. We stayed in Cologne and then in Mainz. It was bitter weather. The ground was covered in snow when we arrived at the cemetery, and my poor mother kneeled at the grave and wept. She scraped away the snow with her bare hands and kissed the ground, gathering earth and leaves in her fingers as if these were part of her son. I stood beside her. I was inexperienced in the depths of emotional abandon and of utter soul-destroying misery; that was what I looked down on, and, I am ashamed to say, thought it an uncontrolled reaction. Visited by the same sense of loss no so many years later, I came to understand and respect my mother’s uninhibited demonstration of grief."

Before her own death in 1923 Norah produced The Book of Julian, a biography of her VC son, including all the letters he wrote to her, from his prep school days up to the time when he was a prisoner of war.

Philip Gribble (v), born 6 May 1891, tells us quite a lot about his home and his mother in the early part of his Off the Cuff:

"I was born at 17 Hans Place, in a house built by my father. My environment was that of the more prosperous Victorian families. Just before my birth my father bought Henlow Grange, six miles from Hitchin. It was derelict and he and my mother restored the place, a rather lovely early Georgian or Queen Anne house in a park of 120 acres, with surrounding farms of another 1,400 acres. What made it particularly glorious for a boy was the seven miles of fishing in three rivers, the Ivel, the Hit and the mile and a half of artificial water known as the Broadwater, which included a massive waterfall below which, in rough water, rainbow trout could be pulled out be the dozens on a wet fly. The shooting too was good, and in many Septembers my father and I, as I grew older, bagged fifteen to twenty brace of partridges, walking round with two or three beaters and a keeper, and, later in the autumn, some well-placed woods and spinneys held all the wild and hand-reared pheasants necessary to give five or six guns a good day’s sport.

When work at Henlow was completed there was a formal arrival. My parents often told me how they were met at the station Arlesey station, about a mile and a half from the house, by a crowd of Henlow people and how the horses were untraced and the carriage. a huge sociable, was drawn by men with ropes all the way home, as a mark of appreciation of the employment my father had given to over sixty men all the previous winter, cleaning out the Broadwater.

The Grange was a roomy sort of house with about 24 bedrooms, and I and my four sisters, all older than myself, occupied the top floor. Then there was the usual big household, three in the nursery, a lady’s maid, three housemaids, four manservants, three in the kitchen in addition to the housekeeper, three laundrymaids, three in the stables, an estate carpenter, two keepers and nine gardeners and also, much of the time, a French or German governess and a tutor.

Father always owned or chartered a lovely yacht, and every summer he insisted on taking his whole family sailing round the French coast, all, that is, except my mother, who very seldom faced the sea as she was an incurably bad sailor.

My mother in her lighter moments was capable of charming flashes of frivolity, but her normal reaction to life was one of intensity. She was a marvellously beautiful woman, blessed with divinely golden-red hair, and immense, almost violet eyes, varying in depth with her moods; her full, sensitive mouth, firm chin and small but magnificently carved head were a delight. She was proud of her legs, and often pulled her skirts to her knees to allow us children to admire their symmetry.

She had very advanced views, was self-centred, artistic, intellectual and convinced that her family were beyond reproach, an outlook that made her intolerant of even minor faults, and encouraged her to exaggerate their importance to a point at which she found an excuse for melodrama. Much as we all loved her, my mother’s presence was usually accompanied by a sense of strain, and it was only when she left the house that the family could relax.

She took an active part in local government, mainly from a sense of duty I think, but it was religion and its trappings that dominated her life. There were weeks when, day after day, she would lock herself in her studio and sit rapt in meditation while pondering over the manuscript of one of the several books she wrote on religious subjects, among them The Way Out, published by a close friend, John Murray; or at other times she might be writing poetry or be lost in painting some canvases. Her poetry was moving and was an outlet from frustration and a form of release.

My mother was a rather frightening and utterly lasting influence on the characters of all her six children. Not only was she a thinker and a writer, but also a creative artist, and in her early or orthodox phase she was a competent portrait painter; she had studied at the Slade as a girl and taken her work very seriously. In later life she despised representational art and emotive fragments, and concentrated on her search for new means of expression and the use of new media. Several rooms at Henlow were covered with her murals, executed in tempera.

One and all we had to learn silence because Mother’s moments of inspiration must never be spoiled by slamming doors, noisy footsteps or the yelling and shouting of the average large family. The rage and genuine agony that were the reaction to any such interruptions had to be seen to be believed. Our behaviour had been an outrage, the extent of which we soon grasped and the importance of which we never forgot; so now I am a good guest and have often been told by my hosts that they would hardly know that I was in the house.

My mother was always boasting about "our family", by which she meant HER family, the royal family of Royds, who claimed descent from Edward III, and not to be confused with the Royds of Brereton."

In fact, of course, Norah’s father Frank was a son of the Brereton family, but the royal descents came through the Massies. His father, Philip goes on to say,

"was not an appropriate husband for my supremely intelligent, highly-strung mother, and, naturally, there were many and constant disagreements and the home atmosphere was more often than not electric. There is not the least doubt that, had the marriage been contracted sixty years later, it would have ended in the divorce courts, but it lived on to a ripeness and mutual understanding in the final years."

Philip was educated privately owing to ill-health. In the first war he served in the flying corps. A brilliant financier, in the twenties he founded the Rhodesian Tobacco Company. He relates in his book how, a year before his father’s death,

"Just before lunch my father remarked off-handedly: ‘I have altered my will. I am leaving an extra £100,000 to your sisters. You will never need money. You make it too easily.’

My father had already made a present of £100,000 to my four sisters or their surviving children several years before this. The news was disconcerting. My father was paying me a compliment I could very well have done without. After my brother’s death I had been told to expect my father’s fortune. True, I had made a good deal of money, but I had not been careful with it in view of my expectation. Now I regretted having spent my profits so freely and my appetite was slightly blunted at that luncheon, but in the evening I recovered my good spirits. After paying off duty on the half a million pounds or more that my father left, more than half the balance went to be divided among my sisters or their surviving children, leaving less than one hundred thousand pounds as my share. It is sad to record that if my father, who distrusted the stock exchange, had accepted my advice during the last six years of his life, the family fortunes would now be worth over £15 million. But he preferred to stick to ‘What he understood’ and like my uncle Edmund Royds, who equally distrusted the Stock Exchange, he missed a great fortune for his successors."

Philip was also a successful horse breeder, and in the second war he published the Diary of a Staff Officer which deals with his experiences with the BEF in France before Dunkirk. He then served as a war correspondent with the News Chronicle. He married first Morwenna McNeil, daughter of Robert McNeil, MP for Canterbury, Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office under Curzon, and later first Lord Cushendun. She died without issue on 17 September 1924, and he married secondly in June 1925 Joyce Lyall. They had three children:

1. Phyllida, who is unmarried
2. Jane
3. David 1932-

David (3) was born on 4 October 1932. His father relates:

"David was lazy in facing the world, and Joy and I, in desperation, fell back on the well-known taxi gambit. Chartering a cab, we picked out a badly-surfaced square and roared around it at high speed. It was not until then that David decided it was time to put a stop to these manoeuvres and make his debut.

After an orthodox beginning at Connaught House, Eton and Cambridge, he decided that instead of going into the city and becoming a member of Lloyds or joining some sound financial institution he preferred to become a schoolmaster. He wanted and still wants to reform the process of teaching and schooling in general. He is now following up his theories at Dartington Hall. While at Cambridge he was editor of The Granta and the author of some amusing lyrics. In fact I thought him so talented in this direction that I recommended him to take his guitar and his banjo and making a living on the stage."

David in fact succeeded me at Repton when I left there to come to Dartmouth, and it was three years later that he went to Dartington. He married first Jenny Davies, by whom he had two children, Emma and Nathaniel, and secondly Lynette Lewis, mother of his other two children Sam and Toby, all four children being educated at Dartington.

Jane (2) married David Gault and has five children, Annabel, Katie, married to Tony Bateman, Charles, William and Richard.

Philip subsequently eloped with and married Anthea . . . . , the marriage ending in divorce. He married fourthly Jean MacFarlane and had a second son Aylmer, who is married with two children.

Leslie Gribble (iii) married in 1904 Hugh Exton Seebohm, of the well-known Quaker family, son of the lawyer and author Frederic Seebohm by his wife Mary Ann Exton. She died on 20 September 1913 leaving four children:

1. Derrick 1907-
2. Frederick, Lord Seebohm, 1909-1990
3. George, twin with Frederick, 1909-
4. Fidelity, 1912-.

Derrick (1), born 14 January 1907, educated Rugby and Trinity College Cambridge, served in World War II at the Ministry of Economic Warfare, married 18 July 1933 Patricia Mary Peel, JP, and has three children:

i. Fidelity Mary 1934-
ii. Jennifer 1936-
iii. Alison Patricia 1939-

Fidelity (i) born 4 June 1934, married on 30 June 1957 Davis Russell Brooks and has issue:

1. Stephen b. 28 October 1959
2. Sarah born 24 July 1958, married to Richard Griffiths
3. Harriet born 27 February 1961
4. Jennifer born 24 December 1964
5. Louisa born 16 April 1966.

Jennifer (ii) born 6 May 1936 married on 14 February 1958 John Reynolds Davies and had five children:

1. Nicola born 13 November 1959
2. Clare born 18 April 1960
3. Andrew born 14 January 1962
4. James born 14 June 1964
5. Philip born 16 May 1968.

Alison (iii) born 5 May 1939 married first Frank Vladimir Svitanovich of Canada (marriage dissolved by divorce), and secondly Ray Austin an has two children:

1. Araminta, born 14 May 1967
2. Joanna born 30 November 1969.

Frederick (2), born 19 January 1909, educated Leighton Park and Trinity College Cambridge, entered Barclay’s Bank in 1929. He was Lt Colonel RA in World War II (mentioned in despatches), Assistant Chief of Operations, Air Defence Division, SHAEF 1944-45, Bronze Star USA, TD, JP, Hon LLD Nottingham, High Sheriff of Hertfordshire 1970, Knight Bachelor 1970, Life Peer 1972. He married on 9 April 1932 Evangeline Hurst, daughter of Judge Sir Gerald Berkeley Hurst. The following obituary appeared in The Times following his death in 1990:


Lord Seebohm of Hertford, banker and social work innovator, died on December 15 aged 81. He was born on January 18, 1909.

Lord Seebohm, who belonged to one of the great Quaker families, lived a double life. A career banker, he rose to be deputy chairman of Barclays Bank and chairman of Barclays Bank International. But his Quaker origins also led him to take a lifelong interest in improving society as a whole. He was chairman of the Joseph Rowntree Memorial Trust for 15 year, and chaired a government-commissioned inquiry into social work, the Committee on Local Authority and Allied Personal Services.

The committee’s report, published in 1968, recommended that there should be one central government department responsible for overall planning of social provision. At grass-roots level, all major local authorities should set up unified departments to provide a coordinated and comprehensive service for the whole family. This was the foundation for the present Department of Social Services.

Frederic Seebohm, grandson of the historian of the same name, was born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire. He was educated at Leighton Park School and Trinity College, Cambridge. His family had founded the Hitchen Bank, which was taken over by Barclays, which itself has a strong Quaker tradition. So it was natural for the young Seebohm to join Barclays when he graduated.

He became a local director of the bank in Luton, and was later put in charge of the Birmingham operations. He married Evangeline Hurst in 1932. During the second world war he served in the Royal Artillery, being mentioned in despatches and becoming a lieutenant-colonel. He became a director of the main board in 1947. But four years later Seebohm joined the board of Barclays Bank DCO, the overseas business, which was where he was to make his principal contribution. DCO, as it was called for short, operated mainly in the Caribbean and Africa, appealing to his concern for the developing world.

In 1965 Seebohm became chairman of Barclays Bank International, as it was renamed, and presided over the transformation of that business into a major international bank which spread far beyond its old colonial connections. Towards the end of his seven years’ chairmanship, however, he was pained to be criticised over BBI’s involvement in South Africa. He detested apartheid, but felt that Barclays was helping the advance of black people. He argued that protesters were living in a political vacuum removed from reality.

Seebohm was knighted in 1970 for his contribution to banking. But when he stepped down as chairman of BBI in 1972, he was enobled so that he could contribute to House of Lords debates on social services. A far-sighted decision by Barclays has sent Seebohm for a spell at the York branch of the bank, in the shaddow of the great Quaker fortress of Rowntree, the confectionery family to whom the Seeohms were related. There he helped to form the York Council of Voluntary Service, a coordinating body for local voluntary work. During his life, Lord Seebohm promoted social work as an effective means of helping people in difficulty, working to raise standards and ensure that local authorities aware of the breadth of their responsibilities.

In the late 1970s he became chairman of 3I, the venture capital arm of the high street banks, making it a more creative and innovative agency for assisting young companies. When he retired from Barclays, Lord Seebohn gave full vent to his social interests. He was president of Age Concern, the National Institute for Social Work, the Royal African Society and Project Fullemploy. He chaired the Overseas Development Institute for five years, and was a govenor of the London Scholl of Economics and Haileybury Imperial Service College. He was High Sheriff of Hertfordshire, 1970-71.

Lord Seebohm was a man of many varied interests, ranging from water colouring to petit point, gardening to natural history. He played real tennis and golf.

He is survived by his widow, a son and two daughters. His eldest daughter is Victoria Glendinning, the author.

Frederick’s wife also died in 1990, leaving three children:

i. Richard Hugh 1933-
ii. Victoria 1937-
iii. Caroline 1940-

Richard (i), born 5 July 1933, educated Winchester, Magdelane College Cambridge and Magdelan College Oxford, D.Phil 1964, Principal HM Treasury, married 14 April 1966 Margaret Evelyne Hok, and has four children:

1. Henrietta Lucy, born 28 April 1967
2. Sophie Kate, born 29 December 1968
3. Charlotte Emily, born 14 July 1970
4. Laura.

Victoria (ii), born 23 April 1937 is a distinguished writer and journalist (insert here details from Who’s Who) . She married first on 6 September 1958 Professor Oliver Nigel Valentine Glendinning of Dublin (married dissolved by divorce) and has four children:

1. Paul Alexander born 22 July 1959
2. Hugo Frederick born 25 September 1962
3. Matthew born 25 September 1962
4. Simon born 13 December 1964.

Caroline (iii) married first Roger John Smith (marriage dissolved by divorce 1967) and secondly in 1974 Walyet H Lippincott of Ithaca, New York.

George (3), Frederick’s twin brother, educated Leighton Park married on 20 September 1946 (marriage dissolved by divorce 1966) Lavender Jane Strickland, daughter of General Sir Peter Strickland KCB, KBE, CMG, DSO, and his wife Dame Barbara Ffolkes. There were four children:

i. Philippa Jane born 14 January 1948
ii. Frederick Hugh born 9 April 1949, educated Leighton Park
iii. Edward Henry born 24 August 1951, educated Leighton Park
iv. Patience Richenda, born 22 August 1953.

Fidelity (4), born in 1912, JP, married on 26 July 1932 John David Gathorne-Hardy, 4th Earl of Cranbrook (who was previously married to Bridget D’Oyly Carte) and had five children:

i. Gathorne, 5th Earl of Cranbrook, 1933-
ii. Hugh 1941-
iii. Juliet 1934-
iv. (Catherine) Sophia 1936-
v. Christina 1940-

Gathorne (i), 5th Earl of Cranbrook, FLS, FZS, MBOU, PhD was born 20 June 1933, educated Eton and Corpus Christi College Cambridge is an eminent zoologist (insert here details from Who’s Who). He married on 9 May 1967 Caroline Jarvis, daughter of Col Ralph George Edward Jarvis of Doddington Hall, Lincoln, and has three children:

1. John Jason, Lord Medway, born 26 October 1968
2. Flora 1971-
3. Angus Edward 1973-.

Hugh (ii), born 30 December 1941 educated Eton and Corpus Christi College Cambridge, married in 1971 Caroline Elizabeth, daughter of William Nigel Ritchie, and has four children:

1. Frederick Jasper 1972-
2. Alice 1974-
3. Daisy 1977-
4. Alfred 1978-

Juliet (iii), born 12 December 1934, married on 30 August 1958 Charles Colin Simpson TD (marriage dissolved by divorce 1970) and has four children:

1. Charles Duncan, born 8 January 1962
2. Fidelity Anne, born 29 March 1960
3. Amanda Juliet, born 7 March 1964
4. Edward Colin , born 8 October 1965.

Sophia (iv), born 11 March 1936, married on 13 July 1957 Simon Robert Jasper Meade, and has five children:

1. Jasper 1962-
2. Benjamin 1963-
3. Camilla 1958-
4. Rachel 1965-
5. Hassan.

Christina (v), born 1 May 1940, educated Homerton Teacher’s Training College, Cambridge, married on 11 June 1967 Stanley Edward Letanka MRCS, LRCP, of Pepsall End, Pepperstock, Luton and has three children:

1. Stella 1968-
2. Florence Ruth 1969-
3. Peter Edward 1974-

Barbara Gribble (iv) married Eustace Hill. Rather sketchy details of their descendants are shown in the table. Vivien Massie Gribble (v) married Douglas Doyle-Jones and had a daughter Cressida.

Mary (Carlisle) and her Descendants

Mary Royds, born 2 August 1861, married on 1 February 1882 Charles Stewart Carlisle. She died on 7 November 1945, having had seven children:

i. George Blomfield 1882-1960
ii. Thomas Roger 1883-1962
iii. Evelyn Rose 1885-1972
iv. Frank Royds 1886-1958
v. Charles Valentine 1888-1958
vi. Philip Edmund 1889-1980
vii Geoffrey Townshend 1899-

George (i), born 28 November 1882, was Vicar of Holmes Chapel from 1922-29, the patron being his cousin John Armitstead. Subsequently he was Rector of Spenley and Hon Canon of St Albans. He married Joan Burden and had three children:

1. Penelope Mary 1920-
2. Judith Ann 1922-
3. Elizabeth 1924-

Penelope (1) is retired after spending thirty years as a missionary in Uganda. Judy (2) trained as a nurse at Barts and married Dr Micheal Montagnon, a medical practitioner in Newport. They have four children:

i. Mary 1951-
ii. Ruth 1952-
iii. Jane 1955-
iv Sarah 1958-

Mary (i) started as a teacher, and then married Andrew Allen, a chemical engineer in Reading. They have two children:

1. Catherine 1978-
2. Richard 1981-

Ruth (ii) after graduating worked in a bank and is married to Stephen Jones, an electrical engineer, and lives near Buckingham. They have two children:

1. Timothy 1979-
2. Peter 1981-

Sarah qualified as a doctor at St George’s Hosptital in 1980 and married a doctor, David Marshall. They live in London working in hospitals.

Elizabeth (3) married David Booth who works at the Institute of Education. They have two children:

i. Nancy, born 1958, lived in Amsterdam after graduating
ii. Helen, born 1962, studied at Art College.

Thomas Roger Massie Carlisle (ii), born 10 October 1883, married Maud Cowan. A Major in the Royal Field Artillery, DSO, he took part in the siege of Kut. He died without issue on 14 April 1962.

Evelyn Rose (iii), born 27 March 1885, married Ralph Barbour and had four children:

1. Hugh David 1915-1941
2. Lynette 1916-
3. David Royds 1919-

Hugh (1), born 3 March 1915, died unmarried 27 October 1941. Lynette (2), born 11 May 1916, is unmarried. David (3), born 30 September 1919, married Eileen Mary May on 5 June 1943 and has four children:

i. Ann Gabrielle 1944-
ii. Andrew David 1947-
iii. Lynette Mary 1950-
iv. Robert Hugh 1954-

Ann (i), born 24 March 1944, married Philip Douglas Crockalt on 8 April 1972 and has four children:

1. Matthew Douglas, born 22 September 1974
2. Colin Philip, born 14 November 1978
3. Anna Rosalta, born 17 August 1981

Andrew (ii), born 11 November 1947, married Penelope Rose Love on 15 September 1969 and has two children:

1. Polly Madeleine, born 29 September 1971
2. Eleanor Rose, born 22 January 1975.

Lynette Mary (iii), born 15 December 1950 is unmarried and Robert (iv), born 11 May 1954 married Elaine Jean Seagar on 22 December 1979.

Frank Royds Carlisle (iv), born 21 December 1886, lived for fifty years in Montevideo working in Carlisle and Co. He married Renee Bankier and died on 4 August 1958 having had four children:

1. Gerald Valantine Bankier 1914-1964
2. Ronald Roger Roger (sic?) Bankier 1915-?
3. Yvonne Rachel Bankier 1917-
4. Adelaide Mary 1921-

Gerald (1), born on 11 February 1914 died on 10 April 1964. Ronald (2), born 22 July 1915 was married and had a child, is now deceased. I have no further details. Yvonne (3), born 10 February 1917, married Jack Ledenburg and had three children:

i. Michael
ii. Simon
iii. Richard.

Adelaide (4), born 27 September 1921, married . . . . . Cabelleros.

Charles Valentine Carlisle (v), born 21 February 1888, married Meriquita . . . . . He was a partner in Royds Rawstorne and Co, solicitors. He died on 19 January 1958 having had three children:

1. Fiona, born 23 August 1925
2. Donella
3. Gillian, who married David Spencer-Jones.

Philip Edmund Carlisle (vi), born 12 October 1889, worked in Carlisle and Co. He married Mary Gamon and died on 12 November 1980 having had four children:

1. Sylvia Mary 1919-
2. Edmund Paul 1922-
3. Rachel 1923-
4. Mark 1926-

Sylvia (1), born 28 November 1919, married John Knowles and has a daughter:

i. Elizabeth, born 2 April 1959.

Edmund (2), born 8 July 1922, is a farmer and MP. He made some controversial remarks at the time of the Falklands crisis. He married Rosemary Thursby-Pelham and has three children:

Theresa Margaret, born 5 October 1951
ii. Fiona Jane, born 2 November 1953
iii. Julian Charles Mervyn, born 1 July 1963.

Rachel (3), born 26 October 1923 married Berry Crewe Sloane and has three children:

i. Jane Mary, born 9 April 1957, is married to Stuart Wells
ii. Christopher, born 21 March 1960
iii. Nigel Thomas, born 4 April 1963.

Mark (4), now Lord Carlisle of . . . . . . etc (insert details from Who’s Who), educated Radley and Manchester University, Minister of Education in the Thatcher Government, married Sandra Joyce Des Voeux and has a daughter:

1. Vanessa Lucy, born 22 March 1968.

Geoffrey Townshend Carlisle (vii), born 7 July 1899, was vicar of Buxton and then Master of St Cross, Winchester. He married Ethel Menzies and has two children:

1. Julian, born 13 April 1930, married Jill Fearnley-Whitingstall and has four children.

Other Children of Francis Coulman Royds

Evelyn, 9th child of Frank and Cornelia Royds, was born on 14 September 1863 and married on 3 April 1888 Hugh Aldersey of Aldersey and Spurstow Hall. He was her first cousin, and details of her family are given in the Massie chapter above.

Agatha, the youngest of Frank’s ten children, married on 16 January 1890 James Steuart. She died on 27 September 1938 leaving a daughter.

Ann Royds (Jones)

Ann Mary, born 16 May 1829, married at Walton on 10 November 1852 the Revd Canon John Herbert Jones, fellow of Jesus College Cambridge. John Jones was vicar of St Augustine's, Liverpool from 1847 to 1865, and subsequently of St John's, Waterloo near Liverpool. He was the author of a semon entitled "God's voice in the cholera", and lived to the age of 85, having retired to Southport. In April 1861 the census shows the couple living at 58 Everton Road, together with two housemiads, a cook, a nurse and baby son Oswald, as yet unnamed, and captured at a moment in his tragically short life. Their other children were staying with Annie Molyneux, their great uncle Edmund's widow at Childwall Hall, a substantial Nash House near Wavertree. One can imagine that they were sent off to stay near their cousins, Henry Royds' children, in order to give their mother some rest. In addition to two stillborn boys and two stillborn girls, Ann and John's children were:

1. Edward Herbert 1853-1930
2. Clement Royds 1855-1952
3. Wilfred Herbert 1857-1861
4. Bernard Herbert 1859-1860
5. Oswald Herbert 25 March - 29 April 1861

Edward (1), born 12 December 1853, educated Malvern College, won a scholarship to Jesus College, Cambridge, and graduated as 35th Wranagler (his father had been 18th). He was ordained, and after serving as curate at St Mary Magdelene, Richmond, Surrey (1879-83) and St Saviour's, Denmark Park (1884-84) he was appointed vicar of Rolveden in Kent, where he stayed until 1892. He was then vicar of St Philip's, Batersea before finally becoming vicar of Hollingbourne in Kent in 1908, a position he held until his death in 1930.

Clement (2), born 22 October 1855, became a doctor and married Ellen Atkins on 24 June 1896 at Banbury. He appears to have changed his name from Jones to Royds-Jones, as the latter surname has been used by all his descendants. He died in Bournmouth on 17 January 1952, aged 96, and Ellen died on 31 December 1956, the day after her 99th birthday. They had two sons:

i. Herbert Martin 1897-1961
ii. Revd Edward Melville 1899-1995

Herbert (i), born 7 November 1897, was educated at London University and became a doctor. He died unmarried on 2 August 1961.

Edward Melville (ii), born 13 January 1899, was educated at London University and ordained. He also appears to have had a career as a Civil Engineer. He married on 16 August 1944 Mary Oxtoby of Beverley, Yorkshire. He died a week short of his 95th birthday on 6 January 1995 leaving three children:

1. Paul Swithun 1946-
2. Jonathan Aidan 1949-
3. Gundreda Mary 1951-

Paul (1), born 14 July 1946, was educated at London University and is a Civil Engineer. He married Sarah Coward of Rottingdean and has two children:

i. Johanne Elizabeth, born 30 January 1979 in Kitwe, Zambia
ii. James Edward, born 15 July 1982 in Brighton.

Jonathan (2), born 4 September 1949 at Manor Cottage, Fareham, was educated at London Univeristy and, like his grandfather and uncle, entered the medical profession. He is now a General Practitioner in Three Bridges, near Crawley. He married firstly, on 20 July 1974, Maureen Elizabeth Betts, a nurse and midwife. They have three children:

i. Nathan John, born 10 February 1977
ii. Martin Gordon, born 4 December 1978
iii. Ellen Gundreda, born 2 June 1980

He married secondly, on 5 May 1989 Allison Turple.

Gundreda (2), born 4 June 1951 was adopted. She married Timothy Whately of New Milton and had two children:

i. Sorrell Cassandra (1984-1995)
ii. Sam Harry, born 29 December 1987

Emily Royds (Smyth)

Emily, born 6 February 1834 married at Brereton on 14 April 1858 the Revd James Grenville Smyth, vicar of South Elkington, Lincolnshire, and died on 23 November the following year, presumably in childbirth as she left only one child. There is a window in Brereton church "Emily Smyth, died Nov 23, 1859, aged 25 years." James Smyth died nearly 50 years later, on 15 March 1907. In his will he left all his property to his daughter Emily Mary Stanford, presumably Emily Royds’s daughter.

Nathanael and the Barford Branch

Nathanael, the youngest child of Edward and Mary Royds, was born 23 March 1836 and educated at Rugby and Trinity College Cambridge. He was vicar of Moggerhanger 1863-64, and rector of Little Barford for 42 years, from 1864 until his retirement in 1906. He died on 23 February 1921 in his 87th year.

Nat was married twice. His first wife was Emily Alington, grand-daughter of Sir Thomas Plumer, Master of the Rolls. She married him on 13 January 1863, and died under three years later, on 3 October 1865, having produced one son and one daughter, neither of whom lived more than a year. His second wife was Hester Frances Alington, daughter of the Revd John Alington rector of Candlesby, Lincolnshire, by whom they had eleven children:

1. Margaret Alington 1869-1949
2. Hester Mary Alington 1870-1951
3. Katherine Natalie Alington 1871-1962
4. Constance Alington 1872-1964
5. Mabel Alington 1874-1941
6. Edward Alington 1875-1915
7. Dorothy Alington 1877-1921
8. Bridget Alington 1881-1964
9. John Alington 1881-
10. Phyllis Alington 1882-
11. Thomas Alington 1884-1918.

Margaret (1) born 5 January 1869 married on 18 January 1893 Captain Henry Preedy RN who served in the Zulu War in 1879. She had one child who died young, and herself died on 18 July 1949. Mary (2), born 15 April 1870, married on 30 July 1904 the Revd Charles Stuart Gmelin, for many years headmaster of Summerfields preparatory school, Oxford. She died without issue at Oxford on 22 April 1951. Nattie (3), born 2 August 1870 died unmarried on 10 March 1962. Mabel, born 3 April 1874, married Stephen Lumsden RSA at Old St Paul's, Edinburgh, and died on 22 October 1941 leaving issue of whom I have no details.

Edward (6), born 18 October 1875, educated Rossall, AMICE, worked in the National Irrigation Department. He married on 1 January 1913 Elizabeth Armstrong, and was killed in car crash on 25 July 1915 having had two children:

1. Nathanael George Alington 1913-
2. Edward Francis Alington 1915-

Nat (1) was born 24 October 1913 in Graaff Reinet, Cape Province, South Africa, but was educated in England at Shrewsbury and Trinity College Cambridge. He then returned to South Africa, and married Elizabeth Cleaver Armstrong in Durban on 6 December 1941. She was the first cousin of her husband's mother Anne Armstrong. They have three children:

i. Elizabeth Bridget Alington, born 3 November 1942 at Kloof.
ii. Gillian Anne Alington, born 31 August 1946 at Kloof.
iii. Sarah Felicity, born 2 October at Kloof.

Edward (2) was also educated in England, at Radley and Trinity College Cambridge. He served as a major in Hodson's Horse, retiring to Ireland, in 1947. He married Nora Charlotte Formby. He had three children:

i. John Formby, born 14 September 1946 at Lucknow.
ii. Charlotte Mary, born 2 May 1948 in Natal.
iii. Elizabeth Natalie born 25 April 1953 at Newtown Mount Kennedy, Wicklow.

Charlotte (ii) married . . . . . Fitzherbert, and has two children:

1. Edward
2. Nora.

Dorothy (7), born 28 August 1877, married John Morgan Parker on 27 August 1921 and died without issues. Bridget (8), born 28 May 1879, married John Austen Hubback KCSI. She was awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind Medal in 1939, and died without issue in Winchester on 31 March 1964.

John Alington (9), born 7 January 1881, educated Haileybury, AMICE, served as Major in World War I (MC 1917, mentioned in despatches). He was headmaster of Holmwood School, Formby, 1924-48. He married Anne Elizabeth, the widow of his brother Edward (6 above) on 3 July 1922, and retired to South Africa.

Phyllis Alington, born 26 October 1882, served with the VAD in World War I, and was Assistant County Commissioner Red Cross 1944-48. She lived in Cheyne Walk when I knew her, and subsequently moved to Cambridge where she died.

Thomas Alington (11), born 23 October 1884, educated Haileybury and HMS Conway, was killed in action on 20 April 1918 as a 2nd Lieut. RAF, and was buried in the military cemetery at Toutincourt, France.

My grandmother had nine brothers and sisters, 34 first cousins on the Royds side and 16 in the Bourne side, a total of 59, and she kept in touch with a large number of them. Today the Royds of Brereton lines survives in the male line in Australia, South Africa and Ireland, while the Bournes have no male line descendants.


Last Update: 26 January 2000
Web Author: Nigel Watts
Copyright ©1999 Kenrick Armitstead & Nigel Watts - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED